ALBURY HISTORY SOCIETY - ALL ABOUT ALBURY
Albury History Society, alburyhistory.org.uk, was founded in 1971 with the aims of promoting interest and research in local history. Between March and November each year we have a programme of illustrated talks and visits to places of historical interest. Honorary Secretary: Margaret Clarke, 01483 202 294, firstname.lastname@example.org. Minutes of our 2018 AGM, secretary and financial reports are here.
Wikipedia has entries on Albury, Albury Park, Farley Green, Newlands Corner, the Tillingbourne, Lawbrook or Postford Brook and Silent Pool.
The Exploring Surrey's Past article about Albury is here: exploringsurreyspast.org.uk/themes/places/surrey/guildford/albury.
Some history of the Saxon Old Church, Barn Church, Irvingite Catholic Apostolic Church and St Peter & St Paul is at Albury Churches: here.
Revealed beneath plaster in 1885 and facing the unusual north door of Albury's Saxon Church is this c1480 wall painting of St Christopher.
A detailed history of Albury and Weston Street at British History Online is here: british-history.ac.uk/vch/surrey/vol3/pp72-77.
In 1066 Albury and 22 households appear in the Domesday Book. Over a dozen historic spellings of Albury in Blackheath Hundred are documented.
Several historical maps, some history and William Cobbett extracts from the University of Portsmouth are here: visionofbritain.org.uk/place/2719.
Albury photographer Percy Lloyd introduced postcards to Britain: penny-plain-tuppence-coloured; Lloyd's son interviewed: audio.
The BBC Domesday project of 1986 includes The Old School, Albury and Farley Heath, Tillingbourne Trout Farm and White Lane Farm.
AHS has this model of Farley Heath Roman Temple, Friends of the Hurtwood have a few details, while a 147 page Surrey Archaeology paper is here.
The story of this Samain bowl find is in Surrey Archaeological Collections of 1932 and a 1939 summary of Farley Green Temple appeared in Nature.
Much about 1841 Albury, the Roman site on Farley Heath and surrounding villages appears in A Topographical History of Surrey by E.W. Brayley.
Seventy old photographs covering Albury, Silent Pool and Newlands Corner from 1890 are in the Francis Frith collection, here.
Bargate Stone, Hythe Sand, Gault Clay and Upper Greensand are explained in Newlands Corner - Albury Geology Trail, by Surrey RIGS.
Joan Harding's 1963 Bronze Age Weston Wood excavation details are here, in Surrey Archaeology and audio 023.
Megalithic Portal lists Albury Park Mound, Weston Wood Tumulus (demolished), Albury Fishponds Stone, Tyting Farm Barrow, St Martha's Circles and Lid Well.
AHS has this 1830 court model of Albury Mill, when James Warner was executed for attempted murder and arson in the Swing Riots; page 23 here.
Scheduled monument Chilworth Gunpowder Works [video] had WW1 anti-aircraft guns and employed 600; details in Wey River and a walk by Glenys Crocker.
Albury's unusual octagonal Tudor Pigeon House in Weston Yard (for saltpetre in gunpowder) was restored by Dr Maurice Burton, 1979-1980; talk.
Albury Pigeon House in Weston Yard is visible beyond the estate Carpenters Yard and its workshops.
Henry Drummond's Plan of Farm Buildings shows a network of tram roads and turntables in Albury Estate yard, with moveable railroad tracks to the hay ricks.
Maurice Burton, zoologist, Elusive Monster author and New Scientist writer dismissing Loch Ness monster claims, lived at Weston House.
Albury had a bakery and petrol station until the 70s. Surrey Life has articles on Silent Pool, Albury Park Mansion and Albury.
Albury Park gardens, terrace, tunnel under Silver Wood and 'Roman Baths' created by John Evelyn around 1665 are described in London's Lost Gardens.
Both Albury Park and Weston House had ice houses and some watercolours of Albury by John Hassell from about 1800 are here.
Albury Park Mansion's hillside icehouse had a door leading to a brick lined passage, a further door and then a ladder into a deep pit for ice and produce.
A lake, vineyard, swans and an arched building are depicted in a 1645 Wenceslaus Hollar print of Albury at the British Museum.
Dog Kennel Lane connected Albury Heath with Albury Green until Henry Drummond constructed New Road around 1842 and enclosed the Park.
1850s photographs show eleven Apostles and the AHS talk about the Irvingite Albury Conferences, Albury and the Catholic Apostolic Church by Dr Tim Grass, is here.
A map of North Downs wartime GHQ Line defence pillboxes, with some design details, is at exploringsurreyspast.org.uk/surrey_pillboxes.
The Mass Observation diary of Helen Lloyd at Weston House describes anti-tank defences... and how her car went into the Tillingbourne.
1600s Albury rector William Oughtred, inventor of the slide rule and 'x' for multiplication, has a plaque in the Saxon Church and a biography in Geek Atlas.
British Film Institute has 1899 footage by Charles Goodwin Norton of Shere and Albury Volunteer Fire Brigade leaving the fire station in Shere on a turn-out: video.
Maps and details of Albury, Weston Street, Brook, Little London and Farley Heath are in the 1980 booklet Curious Albury by Rideout and Brown.
A comprehensive 1951 guide to the Park and 'gardens which, without exception, are the prettiest in England' is Albury Park by Helen Northumberland.
Albury Trust erected Albury Heath's Field Marshal Montgomery Memorial, commemorating the review of Canadian troops in May 1944 prior to D-Day landings: audio.
Country Life has old photographs of Albury, including the Chinchilla rabbit farm at Albury Park run by Gavin Maxwell's aunt, in 1927, here.
Thomas Malthus, whose Principle of Population inspired Darwin, lived at Dalton Hill. Antiquary Elias Ashmole lived at Weston House.
Proverbial Philosophy author Martin Tupper excavated Roman remains and initiated the volunteer Albury Rifle Club in 1848.
Albury House in 1792 and hilltop hut by 'Man Mushroom' Anthony Devis, an early umbrella user, described in great-grandson Martin Tupper's autobiography.
Evelyn Hellicar's memorial cross to Louisa Percy, Duchess of Northumberland and Henry Drummond's daughter, is opposite the church of St Peter and St Paul.
Albury Memorial Library was built after WW2, while church WW1 and WW2 war memorials, lists of names and biographies are at They Gave Their Today.
Somme survivor Gilbert Bellinger of Little London and Brook was model for Gerald Metcalfe of Woodside for his watercolour and Albury's First World War memorial.
The thriving Albury Brass Band or Silver Band, here in 1907, had over 25 members and was active until the First World War.
Lloyd's clock from the Albury Old Post Office now displays alongside panels of war dead inside the Village Hall, in The Street.
Royal Mail's van was garaged in the Forge and Albury Post Office progressively moved along the Street to Pratt's Stores.
Originally Albury National School, from 1833 to 1894, some improvement works took place after a Dorking-bound bus crashed into the Village Hall in January 1982.
In 1935 Newlands Corner, named Fairyland around its ancient yews, had an RAC box at the top of The Sweeps, tea gardens, 6d car park fee and petrol.
Clough Williams-Ellis designed a pisé bungalow at Newlands Corner, built with rammed earth for £101 in 1919, and Albury Park's Half Moon Pond.
Newlands Corner Hotel, now Manor House Hotel, had an old world garden, library and striking colonnade.
Air displays at Newlands Corner attracted 15,000 in 1933 and 1935 while on White Lane the RAF had Merrow Flying Field during WW2.
In 1935, 36 Albury WI members embroidered a screen depicting a cab, governess cart, Tillingbourne Flower Show and Brook Farm in 1890 with an undershot waterwheel.
The estate generated electricity at Albury Old Mill, using the miller's old turbine and the flow of the Tillingbourne, described by Alf Howick: audio.
The Mill was dredged in 1926 as police and volunteers sought Agatha Christie after her car was abandoned by Water Lane chalk pit.
SIHG won 2007's Margery Award researching Vale End pumping station's unusual Poncelet waterwheel which filled a reservoir up Albury Warren.
Park Gate pumping station at the bottom of New Lane fed water from the Tillingbourne to Albury Park and occasionally for the village.
Albury boasts a unique word: The Paddlecombs is the area rising from the village and once the path to school, at the summit of the Warren.
Booklets list Trees at Albury Park, with an 1880 water turbine, mills and waterways in Home Farm Buildings and The Tillingbourne River Story.
A brickworks and cottage for the worker attending the firing kiln existed beside Weston Wood and the A25.
Until 1988 there was a sawmill by Albury Brick Field, shown with steam power for the machines and later, abandoned.
Albury Police House, now Wood Lodge, was on Sherbourne. Inspector Robert Parker and family were photographed there in 1867.
A Boat House and the greater part of Postford Pond were lost when new Chilworth Road bypassed Mill Lane in the 1880s.
Albury Heath had its own post office at Park Corner, the junction of Sandy Lane, Park Lane and New Road.
Near Little London School, Albury Workhouse in Park Road, with attached brewhouse, (now Heath Lodge) was built in 1732 for 12 paupers and closed with an auction in 1836.
Little London's William IVth was The Garibaldi till c1875, after the Italian patriot given Freedom of the City of London in 1864.
The 1867 inquest into death by lightning strike of a farm worker and two horses at Dilton Farm, Farley Green, was held at the Garibaldi Inn.
Holt's Store and post office on Brook Hill, between Farley Green and Albury, delivered milk, had an Aladdin Pink Paraffin pump and operated until the late 1970s.
From 1854, watercress beds, including Postford and these at Ford Farm, grew 400 tons a year along Law Brook and the Tillingbourne; more.
Chilworth and Albury Station with porter signalman Henry Dowling featured in this 1950s Sugar Puffs advertisement.
Brook Crossing had catch points and a wooden Box while South Eastern Railway operated Chilworth and Albury Station.
A Portsmouth extension to the Guildford and Reigate Railway was mooted in the mid 1800s, running from Little London, across Brook Hill and through Blackheath.
Jesse's Seat, a topiary pheasant at Lockner, marks the 1892 death of guard Henry Wicks. North Downs Line history by Alan Edwards is here.
Bottings Flour Mill in Mill Lane, 1911-1990, is described in Milling in Albury and also appears in videos VTS 01 1, VTS 01 2 and audio 082.
C A Botting and Sons had a large turbine, a Dennis lorry and won wheat flour awards at the Bakers', Confectioners' and Allied Traders' International Exhibition.
Using the flowing river water and with eight large tanks, Tillingbourne Trout Farm was beside Bottings Mill, 1977-1990.
From 1941 to 2011 the naturist Surrey Downs Sun Club had a clubhouse, swimming pool and chalets at Edgeley Egg Farm/Edgeley Park in Farley Green.
From 1920 with bell tents, Farley Green's other holiday camp, Treetops, had 30 cabins, woodland swimming pool and a tennis court.
In 1938, supported by Rev. Philip Gray, Sudeten Czech refugees from the Nazi takeover built chalets at Surrey Hills and Treetops and had a school at Brook Lodge.
With croquet and golf greens, chalets at Treetops were supplemented by retired railway carriages for wartime accomodation.
The first in the country, Hurtwood Gypsy School, 1926-1934, served families living in a camp around Wicket's Well.
About The Hurtwood of 1991 documents 1970s stories of the Surrey Puma, spotted a dozen times by the ranger, Bob Ware. Albury's Dr Maurice Burton was unconvinced.
Albury Estate workers covered St Martha's Church with fir tree camouflage during the First World War to stop its use as a landmark by Zeppelins.
Long a ruin after a 1745 gunpowder explosion, St Martha's, on Martyr's Hill, was once owned by Newark Priory. Histories here and here..
St Martin's, Blackheath, by Charles Townsend has unique Anna Lea Merritt murals, described by Olive Maggs, and a window to asbestos maker John Bell of Lockner.
From 1931, Shere and District Rural Preservation Society published leaflets: Farley Heath & Roman Temple; Merrow Downs & St Martha's Chapel; Stephen Langton & Silent Pool.
Cartographer John Flower of Farley Green created his first illustrated map of The Tillingbourne Valley in 1986, PDF, followed by the 1993 edition.
Along the Pilgrims' Way Illustrated Map - Winchester, Alton, Farnham, Guildford, Reigate, Maidstone, Canterbury was created by John Flower in 1998, here.
Newdigate Burne, Angel-in-Charge at Albury Catholic Apostolic Church, wrote in 1897 parish magazines of road changes and the coming of railways, here.
The 2011 four page Social History of the Parish of Albury over the past 40 years, by Albury History Society, is here.
A Millennium Celebration, one thousand years in the life of Albury Son et Lumière was staged on the lawns of Albury Park Mansion in 2000. Script.
Tree ring dendrochonology helps Domestic Buildings Research Group give building dates for Albury, Brook and Farley Green.
The Albury Conservation Area map and illustrated brochure produced by Guildford Borough Council in 1989 is here.
Albury Parish Council has a brief history of Albury: albury.org.uk/about/history.
Albury is included in Tales & Trails of the Tillingbourne Valley HLF Project, researching a unique industrial past which stamped its character on communities.
Over the years Albury History Society has built up an extensive archive of historical material going back to the 16th Century, which is housed at the Surrey History Centre in Woking. These records have been catalogued, 8261 and 8261ADD, and are available to visitors for research or general interest. Their National Archives record is here: discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/c/F216050.
A searchable index of Albury History Society slides, photographs and talk scripts is here.
Around 100 Albury History Society audio and video recordings, from 1947 onwards, to hear or watch:
|001 Mrs Win Browne, Albury Friendship Club, March 1981, 24min.mp3|
|002A Mr Vic Woods (81) builder, Recollections of Albury with Bob Casbard, ~1981, 45min.mp3|
|002B Albury Bygones evening using the archives, Bob Casbard, AVH 9 September 1981, 46min.mp3|
|003 Augustus Pugin by Clive Wainwright, V&A Museum, AVH 31 October 1979, 58min.mp3|
|004 Evening of Reminiscence at Weston House, identities at end, 10 September 1980, 1H35min.mp3|
|005 Timber Framed Buildings of Albury by Miss Carol Martin, AVH 22 October 1980, 1H15min.mp3|
|006 The Ground We Tread by Mrs Blatchford, AVH 20 November 1980 1H30min.mp3|
|007 Pigeon Houses by Dr Maurice Burton, AVH, 22 April 1981, 1H2min.mp3|
|008 A Craftsman and His Tools, Vic Wood interviewed by Dr Burton at Heathmead, Little London, undated, 31min.mp3|
|009 Miss Helen Lloyd with senior citizens of Farley Green, Recollections, identities at end, 11 June 1974, 52min.mp3|
|011 Smugglers of Albury by Mrs Jean Kirby, read by Bertram Caton, Study of Weston House, Version1of3, 28 April 1982, 1H2min.mp3|
|012A Mrs Etherington and sister Francis Swanfox, Recollections of Life in Albury, Weston Yard Cottages 23 August 1982, 1H18min.mp3|
|012B Proverbial Philosophy by Martin Tupper, The Songwriter's Guide to Victorian Sensations, BBC Radio 4 extract, July 1983, 6min.mp3|
|013 8th Albury Old Church Evening, Albury through the Ages, 19 June 1982, 1H17min.mp3|
|014 Smugglers of Albury by Mrs Jean Kirby, read by Bertram Caton, Master Version3of3, 1999, MD 39min.mp3|
|015 Martin Tupper by grandson Rev Martin Tupper, AVH 27 April 1983, 55min.mp3|
|016A The MAY family from America, Weston House 17 July 1984, 43min.mp3|
|016B Dr Maurice Burton 90 presentation by Geoffrey Elms, Weston House garden, Recorded by Trevor Brook Sunday April 10 1988, 10mins.mp3|
|017 Mr Stanley Lloyd son of Percy Lloyd, with Bertram Caton & Bob Casbard, 21 January 1984, 1H19min.mp3|
|018 Recollections of Dr Maurice Burton with Bertram Caton & Bob Casbard, Drawing Room, Weston House 23 August 1984, 1H44min.mp3|
|019 Tales of a Family by Ralph Dabner, AVH 18 April 1983, 22min.mp3|
|021 The Surrey Musters by Mrs A Patterson, AVH 21 March 1984, 59min.mp3|
|022 Gypsies by Denis E. Harvey, author of English Gypsy Caravan, AVH 19 October 1983, 1H50min.mp3|
|023 Bronze Age Settlements in Weston Woods by Mrs J Harding, Shere VH (repeat of AHS 1977 talk) 10 January 1984, 58min.mp3|
|024 Chilworth Gunpowder Works by Professor Alan Crocker, AVH 17 October 1984, 1H38min.mp3|
|025 Montgomery Plaque Unveiling by Albury Trust, Geoffrey Elms, Bertram Caton, Maurice Burton, Albury Heath 1 September 1984, 15min.mp3|
|027 J C (Jack) & Dorothy Jeorrett with Bertram Caton & Bob Casbard, Fairlee, Farley Green 14 March 1985, 50min.mp3|
|028 11th Albury Old Church Evening, Picture of a Village, 22 June 1985, 1H5min.mp3|
|029 A History of Guildford by Bertram Caton, AVH 17 September 1986, 1H25min.mp3|
|030 12th Albury Old Church Evening, Drummond bicentenary and Albury moves to Weston, 22 June 1986, 1h5min.mp3|
|031 Albury Then and Now by Bob Casbard, AVH 19 October 1986, 1H27min.mp3|
|032 The Mills on the Tillingbourne by Dr Peter Brandon, AVH 19 November 1986, 1H45min.mp3|
|033 A History of Christmas Cards by Dr Maurice Burton, AVH 21 October 1987, 59min.mp3|
|034 The Hamlet of Weston by Dr Maurice Burton, AVH 9 December 1987, 1H27min.mp3|
|035A Albury House by John Foulsham AVH 18 March 1987 46min.mp3|
|035B AHS Annual General Meeting, AVH 18 March 1987 17min.mp3|
|036 13th Albury Old Church Evening, Keith Abrams Musicians, Verse and prose The Four Seasons, 20 June 1987, 1H1min.mp3|
|037 A Baker's Tale by G King with Bertram Caton & Bob Casbard at Broomfield, New Road, Gomshall 21 January 1983, 50min.mp3|
|038 14th Albury Old Church Evening, Village Life, 18 June 1988, 1h18min.mp3|
|039 The Paper Mills of Surrey by Prof Alan Crocker, AVH 16 November 1988, 1H30min.mp3|
|040 Albury Memories by Alfred Howick, April meeting, Recorded Blythwood, Shophouse Lane, Farley Green 9 March 1989, 37min.mp3|
|041 15th Albury Old Church Evening, Helen Arnold - Harp, Country Life-, 24 June 1989, 1H20min.mp3|
|042 Albury Charities by Anne Patterson, AVH 22 November 1989, 54min.mp3|
|043 Extracts from Anthony Browne's Diary by Win Browne, used AVH 21 March 1990, 18min.mp3|
|044 16th Albury Old Church Evening, Dr GA Hornett Piano Vivian Jones Flute Bernard Longley Baritone, 25 June 1990, 1H44min.mp3|
|045 A Postman's Knock by Albury postman Leslie Quantrell BEM, AVH 17 October 1990, 53min.mp3|
|046 17th Albury Old Church Evening, Quatre Sax Group John Henslet Jeff Nages David Whittle John Young, Flowers and Flowering, 22 June 1991, 1H4min.mp3|
|047 Four Clerics of Albury by Retta Casbard, AVH 18 March 1992, 40min.mp3|
|048 18th Albury Old Church Evening, David Hansell Jenny Hansell, Courtship & Marriage Bertram Caton Astley Jones, June 1992, 1H38min.mp3|
|050 Recollections of Albury Estate by Charles Ward, AVH 17 March 1993.mp3|
|051 Albury Home Front Trevor Brook Win Browne Jenny Fairhurst Margaret Elston Mary Instone Gallop Derek Keen Doris Tebenham Kim Taylor Retta Casbard, November 1992, 56min.mp3|
|052 Henry Drummond of Albury by Retta Casbard with pauses for slides, 16 March 1994, 43min.mp3|
|053 20th Albury Old Church Evening, Camerata Oriana, Reminiscences- Bertram Caton Sally Caton Roger Taylor, 12 June 1994, 1H14min.mp3|
|054 Percy Lloyd - Albury Photographer by Retta Casbard, talk with slides, Rec Blythwood, Shophouse Lane, Farley Green 15 March 1995, 12min.mp3|
|055 19th Albury Old Church Evening, Arnaud Quartet, History of the Old Church by William Foster, June 1993, 53min.mp3|
|056 21st Albury Old Church Evening, Primrose Four Consort Ldr Freddy Hilll, Bridging the Centuries by Retta Casbard Sally Caton Daphne Foulsham Geoffrey Elms Bill Folkes Roger Taylor, June 1995, 1H4min.mp3|
|057 Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Margaret Huffener, 29 September 1992, 32min.mp3|
|058 Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Keeper of the Brasses Kathleen Merritt, 28 September 1992, 32min.mp3|
|059 Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Harvest Luncheon and Church Sale organiser Mary Rose Litler Jones, 29 September 1992, 19min.mp3|
|060 Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Margaret Tupper, 27 August 1992, 29min.mp3|
|061 Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Win Browne at Kylekin, Brook Lane, Little London 4 September 1992, 29min.mp3|
|062 Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Godfrey Jillett (72), 26 August 1992, 30min.mp3|
|063 Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Elsha King (79) at The Little House, Heath Lane, Albury 31 August 1992, 34min.mp3|
|064 Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Gerard Sherman, Catholic Apostolic until 1946, 25 August 1992, 24min.mp3|
|066A Albury Church Sesquicentennial, Astley Jones interviews Captain of the Tower Bob Knights, 4 October 1992, 14min.mp3|
|066B Albury Church Sesquicentennial, BELLS aRinging Chamber bEntrance Porch cChurchyard SERVICE aHymn bNicene Creed cHymn dOrgan Playout, 4 October 1992, 24min.mp3|
|067 Time to Reflect - Albury Church Sesquicentennial 150th Anniversary by Astley Jones & Trevor Brook, October 1992, 34min.mp3|
|068 Albury Park Mansion by resident Malcolm Lister with slides, 20 March 1996, MD 33min.mp3|
|069 John Evelyn of Wotton by Retta T.L. Casbard, 17 April 1996, MD 59min.mp3|
|070 22nd Albury Old Church Evening, Jane Sims Violin Andrew Coleman Cello, Roots- Bill Folkes Bertram Caton Sally Caton, 8 June 1996, 1H4min.mp3|
|071 A Pitch Hill Childhood by Albert Carter, undated, MD 47min.mp3|
|072 Hearth and Home by Retta Casbard, Feb 2000, MD 43min.mp3|
|073 Address of Alderman C.E. Bunton, Mayor of Albury, NSW, Australia, on Albury becoming a city, 78 RPM, 10 April 1947, MD 8min.mp3|
|080 Life and Times of AHS Founder Helen Lloyd 1899-1977 by Mrs M Elston Intro Dr M Burton 22 November1978, SR001, 59min.mp3|
|081 Smugglers of Albury by Mrs Jean Kirby, read by Bertram Caton at Shere HS, Version2of3, 10 May1983, 39min.mp3|
|082 Bottings Mill Albury, Visit, Part1 vintage wooden machines, Part2 new pressure extruder, Recorded by Trevor Brook 12 July 1988, 1H9min.mp3|
|083 Albury Passion Play, names needed, Master, 1995, 48min.mp3|
|084 Albury Heath to Luneburg Heath, Bertram Caton, xx, xx, Trevor Brook, xx, Bob Casbard, xx, Retta Casbard, undated, 23min.mp3|
|086 Australian Connection Albury 50th Anniversary, undated, MD 14min.mp3|
|087 Mrs Nursey (96) interviewed by Bertram Caton and Bob Casbard, April 2000, MD 53min.mp3|
|088 Albury At War, Presenter Trevor Brook, undated, MD 56min.mp3|
|089 Albury War Memory, name needed, July 2005, MD 25min.mp3|
|100 Albury Memories, AVH 16 September 2014.mp3|
|VTS_01_1 History of Botting and Sons Flour Mill in Albury Surrey GU5 9AA.WMV|
|VTS_01_2 History of Botting and Sons Flour Mill in Albury Surrey GU5 9AA.WMV|
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